Gerard’s “Herball”

An excellent introduction to the treatise:

http://exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/herbs/herball/

March 31, 2014 In Herbal Research

Review:

Phyllanthus spp.: (Abstract, Free full text)

Polyherbal preparations:

The effects of Chinese formula Huanglian Jie Du Tang (Rhizoma Coptidis, Radix Scutellariae, Cortex Phellodendri and Fructus Gardenia) and its components on amyloid beta peptide in the brains of mice (Abstract, Free full text)

Herb-herb interaction:

Sedum sarmentosum partially attenuates renotoxicity of aristolochic acid (Abstract, Free full text)

Single herbs:

Bacopa monnieri: content of bacoside A and bacopaside I increase with moderate concentrations of Cd (cadmium) in the soil/feeding solution (Abstract, Free full text)

Isolated constituents:

Berberine (from Berberis spp., Hydrastis canadensis, Coptis chinensis): prevents post-surgery intestinal adhesion and inflammation in rats (Abstract, Free full text)

Triptolide (from Tripterygium wilfordii): toxicity against primary breast cancer cells and breast cancer stem cells (Abstract)

March 26, 2014 In Herbal Research

Solanum nigrum

Black nightshade fruit
Photo by Harald Hubich

Meta-Analysis:

Saffron (Crocus sativus) for major depressive disorder: significant reduction of depressive symptoms compared with placebo; similar effectiveness with antidepressant drugs (Abstract, Free full text)

Review:

Chinese herbal medicine for lumbar disc herniation: may be more effective than other interventions (Abstract)

Integrative medicine:

Acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, diet, and supplements for polycystic ovary syndrome: a case report (Free full text)

Single botanicals:

Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood) for malaria: pharmacokinetics of artemisinin in Plasmodium chabaudi-infected rats is affected by the plant matrix (Abstract)

Phyllanthus amarus (syn. P. niruri) (bhumyamalaki, chanca piedra, stonebreaker): hepatoprotective effect of the lignans extracted from the plant in experimentally induced hepatitis (Abstract)

Solanum nigrum (black nightshade): antioxidant effect of the leaves in the brain of rat under stress (Abstract, Free full text)

Thymus vulgaris (thyme): synergistic interactions of essential oil components and the antimicrobial effects (Abstract, Free full text)

Isolated constituents:

Synergistic interactions of selected phytochemicals (curcumin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, thymoquinone, genistein, resveratrol, betulinic acid and ursolic acid) with platinum drugs in overcoming resistance in ovarian cancer cells (Abstract)

March 25, 2014 In Herbal Research

Review:

New potential therapeutic uses of milk thistle (Silybum marianum): (Abstract)

Clinical trials:

Lavender oil for anxiety: a softgel preparation produced decrease in anxiety symptoms, starting with 2 weeks after beginning of use (Abstract)

Traditional Use:

Medicinal mosses in pre-Linnaean bryophyte floras of central Europe: (Abstract)

Herb-Herb Interactions:

Radix Scutellaria and Coptis chinensis affect the bioavailability of anthraquinones from Rhei Rhizoma in rats (Abstract)

Isolated Compounds:

Diosgenin (from Dioscorea, wild yam): inhibits human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell migration (Abstract)

Geniposide (from Gardenia jasminoides): prevents neuronal damage caused by formaldehyde (Abstract)

Safety:

Herb-drug interactions: a survey of patients in Tuscany found that 23.1% were exposed to at least one potential interaction of herbal products and drugs administered prior, during, or after surgery; the interactions involved mainly antihypertensive, antiplatelet, anticoagulant, and central nervous system agents (Abstract)

March 20, 2014 In Herbal Research

Survey:

Plant food supplements use in Europe: 18.8% of screened survey respondents use at least one plant food supplement; the most popular being Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo), Oenothera biennis (evening primrose) and Cynara scolymus (artichoke) out of 491 botanicals used (Abstract, Free full text)

Review:

Chinese herbal compounds in overcoming multidrug resistance in cancer cells (Abstract)

Single botanicals:

Anethum graveolens (dill) leaves, aqueous extract: anticonvulsant effect on pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in mice (Abstract)

Polyherbal preparations:

Interaction of herbal compounds: (Abstract)

Isolated constituents:

Berbamine (from Berberis amurensis): anti-cancer activity in lung cancer cells (Abstract)

Platycodin D (from Platycodon grandiflorus, balloon flower): anti-cancer activity (Abstract)

March 19, 2014 In Herbal Research

Review:

Medicinal herbal oils: the use in traditional Persian medicine (Abstract)

Clinical trial:

Preeclampsia: taking an antioxidant/phytonutrient supplement early in the first trimester of pregnancy did not have statistically significant effect on the rate of preeclampsia (Abstract)

Single botanicals:

Cynara scolymus (artichoke) leaf: protection from lead toxicity (Abstract)

Hemidesmus indicus (Indian sarsaparilla): source of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (Abstract)

Schisandra chinensis (shisandra): anti-inflammatory activity (Abstract)

Vanilla planifolia (vanilla): source of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (Abstract)

March 18, 2014 In Herbal Research

Review:

Menopause: black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) mixed with other herbals; false rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum); and French maritime pine (Pinus pinaster syn. Pinus maritima) bark (the source of Pycnogenol) were found effective for the reduction of hot flashes and at least one other symptom in menopausal women, according to the review of 17 trials (Abstract)

Modern preparations:

Genetically engineered apple with high flavonoid content: compared with regular apple of the same genotype (‘Royal Gala’), reduced transcription levels of inflammation-related genes interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2RB), chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2), chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10), and chemokine receptor 10 (CCR10) more than 2-fold, and plasma levels of prostaglandin E2 more than 10-fold, in mice (Abstract)

Ayurvedic preparations:

Tinospora cordifolia (guduchi): hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, and immunomodulatory effects in cisplatin treatment model (Abstract)

Trikatu [combination of long pepper (Piper longum), black pepper (Piper nigrum), and ginger]: potential for use in rheumatoid arthritis (Abstract)

Traditional Chinese medicine preparations:

Development of sustained-release multi-herbal preparations (Article in Chinese) (Abstract)

Sulfur fumigation: to discard or to inherit? (Article in Chinese) (Abstract)

March 17, 2014 In Herbal Research

Herbal combinations:

Puerariae Radix (kudzu), Lycium barbarum (goji), Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn), and Polygonati Rhizoma (polygonatum): alleviate insulin resistance and fatty liver in mice and HepG2 human cells (Abstract)

Single botanicals:

Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) leaf and root, water extract: antidepressant-like effects in mice (Abstract)

Individual compounds:

Flavonoids: antiinflammatory effects (Abstract)

March 16, 2014 In Herbal Research

Reviews:

Oral Chinese herbal medicine in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): Astragalus membranaceus (syn. A. propinquus), as well as Panax ginseng and Cordyceps sinensis were the primary herbals used (Abstract, Free full text)

Individual botanicals:

Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil): attenuation of cardiac fibrosis (Abstract)

Isolated compounds:

Cryptotanshinone from Salvia miltiorrhiza (danshen): attenuation of cardiac fibrosis (Abstract)

Silymarin: attenuation of cardiac fibrosis (Abstract)

March 15, 2014 In Herbal Research

Reviews:

Alzheimer’s disease: history and experience in herbal traditional Chinese medicine (Abstract, Free full text)

Echinacea and elderberry: should they be used for upper respiratory tract infections in pregnancy? (Abstract, Free full text)

Individual Botanicals:

Fermented soya bean: anti-inflammatory and hypolipidemic effects in mice (Abstract)

Isolated compounds:

Luteolin (found in celery, chamomile, green pepper, perilla leaf, etc.): anti-inflammatory effects in hyperglycemia (Abstract)

Other medical systems:

Traditional Persian medicine: the use of nasal drug delivery (Abstract)