January 16, 2014 In Herbal Research: Part 3

The last part of this update includes studies on isolated constituents, herbal chemistry, environmental resource management, and quality control.

Isolated constituents

[6]-Gingerol from Zingiber officinale (ginger): a novel angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist (Abstract)

Artemisinin in Artemisia annua: transgenic methods to increase content (Abstract)

β-Conglycinin (a protein from soyabean): significant decrease of serum TAG and LDL-cholesterol levels in menopausal women (Abstract)

Glycyrrhetinic acid: direct inhibitor of blood coagulation factor Xa (Abstract)

Eugenol: hypoglycemic activity (Abstract)

Geniposide: synergistic interactions with other compounds in an herbal formula (Abstract)

Oligomerized polyphenol from Litchi chinensis (lychee) fruit: cognitive and neuroprotective effects in animals (Abstract)

Phylligenin: a potential metabolite of phillyrin from Forsythia fruit (Abstract)

Rosmarinic acid: alleviation of PTSD-like symptoms in rats (Abstract); role in acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory activity of medicinal plants in the Lamiaceae family (Abstract)

Rutin: a metabolite inhibits inflammation in macrophages (Abstract)

Vasodilative compounds from Astragalus root (Abstract)

Herbal chemistry

Angelica pubescens, root: simultaneous determination of several compounds in rat plasma (Abstract)

Bursera fagaroides [Burseraceae; Mexico]: three new diarylbutane lignans identified from the resin (Abstract)

Caesalpinia minax: two new diterpenes (Abstract)

Ilex hainanensis: bioactive compounds in rat plasma (Abstract)

Method of identification of active constituents in herbal medicinal products: removing and adding of compounds (Abstract, Free full text)

Mexican Crataegus spp.: flavonoid content and antioxidant activity (Abstract)

Peperomia dindygulensis (Piperaceae; tropical): new long-chain aliphatic compounds identified (Abstract)

Prinsepia utilis (Rosaceae): cytotoxic triterpenoids (Abstract)

Schizandra chinensis: variations in chemical profiles from berries of different geographic origin (Abstract); simultaneous determination of six lignans in rat plasma (Abstract)

Terpenoid production in plants: the role of 3-hydroxy-3-metllylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) (Abstract)

Withania somnifera (ashwaganda) leaves: a new cytotoxic steroid identified (Abstract)

Environmental Resource management

Herb residues: an innovative method of conversion into gas fuel (Abstract)

Herb residue vermicompost: use as fertilizer (Abstract)

Monitoring materia medica resources: probing into (Abstract)

Quality control

Dioscorea zingiberensis: HPLC-eLSD fingerprint of total steroid saponins (Abstract) (article in Chinese)

DNA barcoding: applications to Moroccan folk-harvested medicinal herbs (Abstract, Free full text)

Sulfur fumigation: its problems and new approaches to the traditional preservation method (Abstract)

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